What are the different Tour de France jerseys?
From: Chris Murphy
Chauner and Halstead (1990) in "The Tour de France Complete Book of
YELLOW Jersey -- Overall leader, first awarded during the 1919 race
(TdF started in 1903); yellow to match the paper used to print L'Auto (Automobile
Cyclisme), a French newspaper about bike racing.
POLKADOT Jersey (White w/red dots) -- Best climber, determined by points
scored by the first 3 to 15 riders finishing selected mountain stages (number
of riders awarded points varies with the difficulty of the stage). First
GREEN Jersey -- Points jersey, usually won by sprinter-types, with points
given to the first 25 riders to finish each stage. First awarded 1953.
YELLOW Hats -- First place team, determined by combined elapsed times
of the the team's top 3 riders.
In the event of a rider leading the race and also deserving one of the
other jerseys, the race leader wears yellow, and the 2nd place in the category
wears the category jersey.
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